Falls Cause the Most TBIs; Very Young and Old at Highest Risk Data reveal sources of—and risk factors for—traumatic brain injuries. School Matters
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School Matters  |   December 01, 2015
Falls Cause the Most TBIs; Very Young and Old at Highest Risk
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Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Traumatic Brain Injury / At a Glance
School Matters   |   December 01, 2015
Falls Cause the Most TBIs; Very Young and Old at Highest Risk
The ASHA Leader, December 2015, Vol. 20, 30. doi:10.1044/leader.AAG.20122015.30
The ASHA Leader, December 2015, Vol. 20, 30. doi:10.1044/leader.AAG.20122015.30
Each year, traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) contribute to a large number of deaths and disabilities. In 2010, 2.5 million TBIs occurred in the United States—either as an isolated injury or along with other injuries—according to the CDC National Center for Health Statistics. That’s at least four TBIs every minute.
Top causes of TBI
Falls are the chief cause of TBI, followed by unintentional blunt trauma (including sports injuries), motor vehicle accidents and assaults. (These data do not include TBIs sustained by U.S. military personnel; other data show that blasts are a primary cause of TBI for active-duty military personnel in war zone.)
Leading causes of TBI in the U.S., 2006–2010
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High-risk groups
Although everyone is at risk for a TBI, children under 4 and adults older than 65 are at a higher risk for TBI due to falls, according to the CDC. Young adults 15–24 are also at an increased risk, mainly due to motor vehicle crashes. Overall rates of TBI are consistently higher in men compared with women.
Rates of TBI-related emergency department visits, hospitalizations and deaths for men and women in the U.S., 2001–2010
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December 2015
Volume 20, Issue 12