Report Finds Young Adults With ASD Are Disconnected, Unemployed More than a third of young adults with autism spectrum disorder are neither working nor enrolled in any type of continued education after high school, according to a report that examines the transition into adulthood for people with ASD. Prepared by Drexel University’s A. J. Drexel Autism Institute, the report ... News in Brief
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News in Brief  |   July 01, 2015
Report Finds Young Adults With ASD Are Disconnected, Unemployed
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Special Populations / Autism Spectrum / News in Brief
News in Brief   |   July 01, 2015
Report Finds Young Adults With ASD Are Disconnected, Unemployed
The ASHA Leader, July 2015, Vol. 20, 10. doi:10.1044/leader.NIB1.20072015.10
The ASHA Leader, July 2015, Vol. 20, 10. doi:10.1044/leader.NIB1.20072015.10
More than a third of young adults with autism spectrum disorder are neither working nor enrolled in any type of continued education after high school, according to a report that examines the transition into adulthood for people with ASD.
Prepared by Drexel University’s A. J. Drexel Autism Institute, the report looks at the experiences and outcomes of young adults with ASD between high school and young adulthood (early 20s). The findings come from analyses of data from two national studies: the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 and the Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services.
“National Autism Indicators Report: Transition Into Young Adulthood” examines nine areas: transition planning, the services “cliff,” disconnection in adulthood, health and mental health care, postsecondary education, employment, living arrangements, social and community participation, and safety and risk.
Among the findings:
  • Slightly more than half (58 percent) of youth with ASD had a transition plan in place by the federally required age.

  • Approximately 26 percent received no post-high school services, including those that could help them become employed, continue their education or live more independently.

  • 60 percent had at least two health or mental health conditions in addition to ASD.

  • 36 percent of young adults on the autism spectrum ever attended postsecondary education of any kind between high school and their early 20s.

  • Four in every 10 young adults with ASD never worked for pay between high school and their early 20s, and those who did tended to work part time in low-wage jobs.

  • One in five young adults with ASD ever lived independently (away from parents without supervision) between high school and their early 20s.

  • Approximately 25 percent were socially isolated, never seeing or talking with friends or receiving invitations to social activities within the past year.

  • More than one-quarter (27 percent) of adolescents engaged in some type of wandering behavior in which they impulsively left a supervised situation.

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July 2015
Volume 20, Issue 7